Cannabinoids have been found to have antioxidant properties, unrelated to NMDA receptor antagonism. This new found property makes cannabinoids useful in the treatment and prophylaxis of wide variety of oxidation associated diseases, such as ischemic, age-related, inflammatory and autoimmune disease.
With the popularity of medical marijuana, scientists are also discovering the amazing benefits of CBD oil. But, what exactly is CBD oil and how does it work?
WHAT IS CBD?
CBD is an abbreviation for Cannabidiol. CBD is a cannabinoid found in cannabis. There are three types of Cannabinoids:
- Synthetic cannabinoids
Phyto means “from a plant”, so phytocannabinoids mean naturally occurring cannabinoids (CBD, TCH) found in plants such as cannabis.
Endo means produced internally. Endocannabinoids are cannabinoids that our bodies produce on their own.
Finally, synthetic cannabinoids are man-made, artificial compounds with the intent of mimicking the effects of cannabinoids such as CBD and THC.
WHERE DOES CBD COME FROM?
CBD is a Phytocannabinoid found in cannabis plants. Cannabis is a term that refers to both hemp and marijuana. You can extract CBD from both the hemp and the marijuana plant.
Hemp Plants are typically taller and produce fewer leaves than marijuana plants. They also have higher concentrations of CBD and lower concentrations of THC (the cannabinoid that causes a high). Because hemp naturally produces less THC, CBD extracted from hemp plants is preferred and legal in almost every state.
Marijuana, on the other hand, has a negative connotation. This is because marijuana is typically referred to as a drug because of the psychoactive effect of the high concentration of THC. Although CBD can be extracted from marijuana plants without the THC, lawmakers have deemed the extraction of CBD from marijuana illegal in most states.
HOW CBD WORKS IN YOUR BODY
Each human has what is called an endocannabinoid system or (ECS) for short. The main purpose of the Endocannabinoid system is to keep the body in homeostasis. It regulates internally to stabilize biological processes and balance your body.
The endocannabinoid system contains two types of cannabinoid receptors. The CB1 receptors and CB2 receptors. CBD and other cannabinoids affect your body by interacting with these receptors.
CB1 receptors are located primarily in the brain and central nervous system. When the CB1 receptor is activated by CBD, it can have effects throughout the body which include:
- Relieving depression
- Lowering blood pressure
- Decreasing intestinal problems
- Increasing brain-derived neurotrophic factor (vital to learning, working memory, and higher thinking).
- Lowering anxiety
- Reducing fear
When cannabinoids activate CB2 receptors, they can quite literally affect every type of human disease including cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, neurodegenerative, psychiatric, and autoimmune diseases. It can even play into kidney function, bone and skin health, pain, and even cancer.
OTHER RESEARCHED CANNABINOIDS:
Of course, CBD is not the only researched cannabinoid. There are many different cannabinoids found in cannabis plants that are worth looking into. We would encourage you to do your own research on these cannabinoids and their many health benefits. Here are some of the well-researched cannabinoids:
Bookmark this page and google each of the compounds listed above. There is a wealth of information on the internet that will show you how amazing cannabinoids are.
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